All in One - PDF Notes

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All in One - PDF Notes
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PDF Notes - Weed Management, 22 Topics

Topics covered under this Module are as follows.

# Allelopathic Effect of Weeds on Crops
# Allelopathic Effect of Weeds
# Biological Methods of Weed Control
# Chemical Methods of Weed Control
# Classification of Herbicides
# Classification of Weeds
# Compatibility of Herbicides with Other Chemicals
# Critical period of weed competition
# Crop Weed Competition
# Cultural Methods of Weed Control
# Herbicides – Advantages and Limitation
# Herbicides Available in India
# Integrated Weed Management
# Losses Caused by Weeds
# Mechanical or physical methods of weed control
# Methods of Herbicide Application
# Methods of Weed Control
# Persistence of weeds
# Propagation and Dissemination of Weed Seeds
# Weed Biology
# Weed Ecology
# Weed Management in Major Field Crops



PDF Notes - Production Technology of Fruit Crops, 33 Topics


Topics covered under this Module are as follows.


# Amla
# Apple - Special Cultural Operations and Physiological Disorders
# Apple
# Avocado
# Banana – Major Production Constraints – Physiological Disorders
# Banana
# Ber And Jamun
# Citrus – Nutrient Deficiencies, Corrective Measures, Physiological Disorders
# Grapes – Nutrient Disorders, Corrective Measures, and Physiological Disorders
# Grapes
# Guava
# Jack
# Litchi (or) Lychee
# Mango - Major Problems, Physiological Disorders
# Mango
# Mangosteen
# Papaya
# Peach and Nectarines
# Pear
# Pine Apple
# Plums and Prunes
# Pomegranate
# Rambutan and Longan
# Sapota
# Scope and Importance of Fruit Cultivation
# Wood Apple and Bael



 PDF Notes - Principles of Genetics, 28 Topics

Topics covered under this Module are as follows.

# Chromosome Structure, Morphology, Number and Types -Karyotype and Idiogram
# Crossing Over
# Cytoplasmic Inheritance
# Examples of Quantitative Inheritance
# Fine Structure of Gene
# Functions and Types of DNA
# Gene
# History of Genetics
# Inheritance of quantitative characters
# Lac Operon Concept
# Laws of Inheritance
# Linkage - Types of Linkage and Estimation of Linkage
# Meiosis
# Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance
# Methods of inducing mutations and C B technique
# Mitosis
# Modes of Replication of DNA
# Multiple Alleles
# Multiple Factor Hypothesis
# Mutations
# Numerical Mutations (Polyploidy)
# Quantitative Traits - Qualitative Traits
# Regulation of Gene Expression
# RNA And Its Structure, Function and Types
# Structural Chromosomal Aberrations
# Structure of Cell and Cell Organelles and Their Functions
# Types of Gene Action


PDF Notes - Plant Pathogens & Principles of Plant Pathology, 48 Topics

Topics covered under this Module are as follows.

Agencies involved in plant quarantine
Application of biotechnology in plant disease management
Asexual Reproduction in Fungi
Biological control - Eradication of Alternate and Collateral Hosts
Cell and tissue culture
Classification of Fungi
Cultural Methods – Eradication of Alternate and Collateral Hosts
Defense Mechanism in Plants
Disease Management by Biotechnological Methods
Disease Physiology
Dispersal of Plant Pathogens
Division I - Myxomycota
Factors governing epidemic
General principles of plant diseases management
Groups of Fungicides
History of Plant Pathology
Host plant resistance
Important plant pathogenic organisms
Induced structural Defence
Integrated Plant Disease Management (IDM)
Methods of allocation of fungicides
Methods of breeding for disease resistance
Organisms Living in the Soil
PGPR - Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria
Phenomenon of infection
Physical Methods - Eradication of Alternate and Collateral Hosts
Plant Disease Epidemiology
Plant Disease Forecasting
Plant Quarantine and Inspection
Plant quarantine methods
Plant viruses
Remote sensing
Survival of Plant Pathogen
Symptoms of leaf spots, leaf blights, root rots and wilts and disease cycles
Systemic Fungicides and Antibiotics
Terms and Concepts in Plant Pathology
Zygomycotina (Mucorales)


 PDF Notes - Nematology, 15 Topics

Topics covered under this Module are as follows.

Anatomy - Inner Body Tube
Anatomy - Oesophageal glands
Biology of Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Different methods of Nematode Control
Ecological classification of plant parasitic nematodes
History of Nematology in India
Identification of economically important plant nematodes
Integrated Nematode Management
Interaction of Nematodes with Micro-Organisms
Introduction to Nematology
Life Cycle of Nematode
Male Reproductive System
Morphology and Anatomy of Nematodes
Symptoms Caused by Nematodes
Taxonomy of Plant Parasitic Nematodes


PDF Notes - Entomology -  Insect Morphology and Systematics, 29 Topics

Topics covered under this Module are as follows.

Body Segmentation - Mouth Parts and Legs
Body Segmentation - Structure and Modifications of Insect Antennae
Body Segmentation Wing Venation, Modifications
Classification of Class Insecta Up to Orders
Classification of Phylum Arthropoda
Coleoptera - Coccinellidae, Chrysomelidae, Cerambycidae, Curculionidae, Bruchidae, Scarabaeidae
Dictyoptera – Mantidae
Diptera - Cecidomyiidae, Trypetidae, Tachinidae, Agromyziidae
Factors for Insects Abundance
Hemiptera - Pentatomidae, Coreidae, Pyrrhocoridae, Lygaeidae
History of Entomology in India
Isoptera - Termitidae
Lepidoptera - Noctuidae, Sphingidae, Pyralidae, Gelechiidae, Arctiidae
Metamorphosis and Diapause in Insects
Neuroptera – Chrysopidae
Order - Orthoptera Family – Acrididae
Reproductive System
Structure and Functions of Circulatory System
Structure and Functions of Digestive System
Structure and Functions of Excretory System
Structure and Functions of Insect Cuticle And Moulting
Structure and Functions of Nervous Systems
Structure and Functions of Respiratory System
Taxonomy – Importance, History and Development
Thysanoptera - Thripidae
Types of Larvae and Pupae
Types of Reproduction in Insects


PDF Notes - Entomology - Insect Ecology & Integrated Pest Management, 33 Topics

Topics covered under this Module are as follows.

Abiotic factors on insect population
Apiary Management
Bee Products - Their Properties and Uses
Biological Control
Biotechnology in Pest Management
Chemical Control - Ideal Qualities of an Insecticide
Effect of agricultural inputs on bee activity – Pesticide poisoning
Honey bees - History of bee keeping
Host Plant Resistance - Types and Mechanisms Ecological and Genetic Resistance
Household Pests and Vectors of Human Diseases
Impact of Global Warming on Pests
Insect Attractants and Insect Repellents
Insect ecology and balance of life
Insect Growth Regulators
Integrated Pest Management IPM-Indigenous or Traditional
Integrated Pest Management
IPM (Integrated Pest Management) for Rice and Cotton
Legal Control Methods - Pest Quarantine
Management of Pests of Cattle and Poultry
Pest - Definition, Categories, Causes For Outbreak, Losses Caused By Pests
Pest Management
Pest Monitoring - Pest Surveillance And Forecasting
Pesticide Application Methods
Pesticide Compatibility
Pesticides Groups
Population dynamics and role of biotic factors
Principles of Applied Entomology
Role Of Honey Bees In Cross Pollination
Role of pollinators, weed killers and other beneficial insects
Sterility Methods - Principles -Methods -Requirements and Limitations
The Insecticides Act, 1968
Traditional Methods of Pest Control


PDF Notes - Disease of Horticultural Crops & their Management, 25 Topics

Topics covered under this Module are as follows.

Disease of Apple
Disease of Guava and Sapota
Diseases of Chrysanthemum
Diseases of Crossandra
Diseases of Banana
Diseases of Beans
Diseases of Betelvine
Diseases of Bhendi
Diseases of Brinjal
Diseases of chilly
Diseases of Citrus
Diseases of Coconut and Oil palm
Diseases of Coffee
Diseases of Crucifers
Diseases of Cucurbits
Diseases of Grapes
Diseases of Jasmine
Diseases of Mango
Diseases of Mulberry
Diseases of Onion & Garlic
Diseases of Pomegranate and Papaya
Diseases of Potato
Diseases of Rose
Diseases of Tea
Diseases of Tomato


 PDF Notes - Crop Physiology, 47 Topics

Topics covered under this Module are as follows.

Abscission and senescence
Absorption of WaterAuxins

Cytokinins, Ethylene and Abscisic Acid
Diffusion, Osmosis and Imbibition
Efficiency of respiration
Environmental Stresses Draught (Water Stress)
Factors affecting photosynthesis
Factors Affecting Respiration
Factors affecting transpiration rate
Factors Influencing Plant Growth
Field Capacity, Available Soil Water and Permanent Wilting Point
Foliar Diagnosis of Nutritional and Physiological Disorders
Global Warming -Physiological Effects on Crop Productivity
High Moisture Stress -Flooding or Water Logging
Low light and UV radiation stresses
Mechanism of Photosynthesis
Mechanism of Uptake Nutrients
Mechanism of Water Absorption
Mineral Nutrition
Nutritional and Physiological Disorders
Photosynthetic Pathways - C3 Plants
Photosynthetic Pathways - C4 Cycle Or Hatch and Slack Pathway
Photosynthetic Pathways - Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (Cam) Cycle or The Dark Fixation of Co2 In Succulents
Plant Anatomy
Plant Growth Analysis
Plant Growth Regulators
Plant Growth
Practical Application of Plant Growth Regulators in Crop Productivity
Protein and Fat Synthesis
Role and significance of water
Salt Stress
Seed Germination
Source Sink Relationship
Specific Roles of Essential Mineral Elements
Temperature Stress
Theories of Flowering
Translocation of Solutes
Vernalization and Devernalization
Water Potential
Xylem Transport



 PDF Notes - Agricultural Microbiology 40 Topics


Topics covered under this Module are as follows.


Anaerobic decay or decomposition
Bacterial Genetics
Bacteriophages - Structure and Properties of Bacterial Viruses
Beneficial microorganisms in Agriculture
Biodegradable Plastics
Biogas and Alcohol Production
Biological Nitrogen Fixation
Blue green algae and Azolla
Environmental Microbiology
Gene Expression
Genetic Engineering -Plasmids, Episomes
Genetically Modified Organism
Genetics of Nodulation and N Fixation
Germ Theory of Disease
History of Bioplastics
Interrelationship between microorganisms - Beneficial and harmful relationship
Introduction to microbiology
Lytic and Lysogenic Cycles - Phage Multiplication Cycle
Methods of freezing
Microbes in Cheese and Yoghurt
Microbial Agents for Control of Plant Diseases
Microbial Metabolism - Autotrophs
Microbial Products
Microbial Transformation of Phosphorus and Sulphur
Microbial Transformations of Carbon
Microbial Transformations of Nitrogen
Microbiology of Food - Microbial Spoilage
Plant – Microbe Interactions
Preservation by Using Chemicals
Principles of Food Preservation
Protection Against Infections – II
Protection Against Infections
Soil Microbiology - Microbial Groups in Soil
Types of infection
Utility Biosensors for applications in Agriculture in Food or Fruit 
Quality Control