Category: Introductory Agriculture Notes

Introductory Agriculture Notes

Agriculture Heritage in India
Development of Human Culture and Beginning of Agriculture
Indus Civilization (3250 BC – 2750 BC)
Status of farmers in the society during Indus, Vedic, Buddhist, Mauryan, Gupta and Sangam periods
Kautilya’s Artha-Sastra, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Commodity Trade Etc. – Features of Village
Agriculture in the Sangam literature of Tamil Nadu
Astronomy – Prediction of Monsoon Rains; Parashara, Varamihira, Panchanga in comparison to modern methods
Ancient Soil Classification and Maintenance of Soil Productivity
Water harvesting and irrigation developments during different periods – water storage – distribution and relevance to modern agriculture.
Plant Protection in Ancient Period – ITK – Harvesting – Threshing and Storage
Crops – Indigenous and Introduced – History of Rice, Sugarcane and Cotton
Gardening in Ancient and Medieval Period – Arbori Horticulture – Orchards
Traditional Technical Knowledge
Vegetable Farming – Floriculture – Perfumes and Medicinal Plants Vegetable Farming
Role of cattle and other domestic animals- management of cattle for draught and milk – indigenous breeds
Description of Indian civilization and agriculture by travelers from China, Europe and USA
Agriculture and Vision for The Future

Water harvesting and irrigation developments during different periods – water storage – distribution and relevance to modern agriculture.

Water harvesting and irrigation developments during different periods – water storage – distribution and relevance to modern agriculture. The need for continuous supply of water for irrigation whether from canal, well, pond or lake is realized as the most important for agriculture in ancient pe riod. It should be preserved by all sorts of efforts […]

Vegetable Farming – Floriculture – Perfumes and Medicinal Plants Vegetable Farming

Vegetable Farming – Floriculture – Perfumes and Medicinal Plants Vegetable Farming Floriculture in Ancient India Plants were also featured in personal adornment and beautification of the home. Of the climbers, Madhavilata (Hiptage madhablata) received frequent mention in Kalidasa’s play (5th century) and among sweet scented shrubs the mask-mallow (Hibiscus abelmoschus) and the garland flower (Hedichium […]

Traditional Technical Knowledge

Traditional Technical Knowledge With the spectacular achievement in the field of agricultural sciences, India has been able to reach the stage of self-sufficiency in the agricultural production. But, in this change, we overlooked and rejected sustainable natural farming systems and moved towards “exploitative” agriculture with increased dependency on farm machinery and chemicals (fertilizers, pesticides, etc.), […]

Status of farmers in the society during Indus, Vedic, Buddhist, Mauryan, Gupta and Sangam periods

Status of farmers in the society during Indus, Vedic, Buddhist, Mauryan, Gupta and Sangam periods Harappan period: The Indus Civilization had the first farming cultures in South Asia, which emerged in the hills of what is now called Baluchistan, to the west of the Indus Valley. The farmers took part in the so-called Neolithic Revolution, […]

Role of cattle and other domestic animals- management of cattle for draught and milk – indigenous breeds

Role of cattle and other domestic animals- management of cattle for draught and milk – indigenous breeds India has a distinguished livestock heritage and a place of pride in the history of livestock development in the world. It has shared its livestock resources with many countries all over the world, thus contributing immensely to livestock […]

Plant Protection in Ancient Period – ITK – Harvesting – Threshing and Storage

Plant Protection in Ancient Period – ITK – Harvesting – Threshing and Storage In the past when Indians were gaining knowledge on the prediction of rainfall, management of agriculture, farm operations, harvesting, and storage, nothing was known about plant protection. The only methods to protect the crop were prayers and mantras. It was believed that […]

Kautilya’s Artha-Sastra, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Commodity Trade Etc. – Features of Village

Kautilya’s Artha-Sastra, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Commodity Trade Etc. – Features of Village Kautilya (also known as Vishnugupta or Chanakya) (321-296 BC) was a great scholar of time. He wrote a treatise titled, Artha-sastra, which deals with the management of resources. During Kautilya’s time agriculture, cattle breeding and trade were grouped into a science called varta. […]